Sacroiliac Joint Dysfunction During Pregnancy


Sacroiliac Joint Dysfunction during pregnancy is common in women aged between 20 and 40 years who already have children. The cause of this complication is the secretion of a hormone, which causes relaxation of the ligament of the SI joint, which in major cases is irreversible. Other reasons may be a fall on the buttocks, vehicle accident, or injury sustained while lifting something. Women are prone to experience minor trauma even after childbirth.
SI joint dysfunction is often confused with Sciatica, the difference being that symptoms of Sciatica are low back pain, numbness, and a tingling sensation down to the legs. In the case of Sacroiliac joint dysfunction, symptoms include low back pain radiating to the buttocks, through to the back of the thigh or groin area. The pain is severe while rolling in bed and the area very sensitive. Further details are included in the article below.



Sacroiliac Joint Dysfunction During Pregnancy

More than likely the cause of this debilitating low back pain is due to sacroiliac joint dysfunction. Pregnancy, in itself, actually amplifies this condition due to the specific hormones that are released in the body which have a direct effect on the ligaments in preparation for childbirth.

Back pain is common in women during and following pregnancy. Approximately 40 percent of all low back pain is related to sacroiliac joint dysfunction. The sacroiliac joint (SI joint) is one of two joints in your pelvis that connect the tailbone (sacrum) and the large pelvic bone (ilium). The SI joint connects the spine to the pelvis thereby forming the base by which spinal movements occur. The typical patient who has SI joint dysfunction is often a woman aged 20 to 40 who has had children. Other causes of sacroiliac dysfunction can be a direct fall on the buttocks, a motor vehicle accident, or a lifting injury.


In women it is thought that the relaxation of the pelvic/sacroiliac ligaments necessary for childbirth may never fully reverse. Therefore subsequent minor trauma can cause misalignment of the sacroiliac joint and the ligaments/muscles around the joint can then become strained and/or sprained causing inflammation, pain, and difficulty with movement.


Sacroiliac Joint Dysfunction vs. Sciatica


Sacroiliac joint dysfunction can often be confused with sciatica. The difference being that sciatica is caused by irritation of a nerve in the low back. This is often associated with a herniated disc. The most common symptoms of sciatica are low back pain as well as pain, numbness, and tingling radiating into the leg below the knee (often into the foot). The pain is often hot and burning with occasional weakness of the foot/ankle.


Sacroiliac Joint Dysfunction Symptoms:


•Low back pain (on either side) with stiffness

•Pain may radiate to the buttocks, back of thigh, or groin

•Pain is achy and becomes sharp with movement

•Pain is often made worse with rolling in bed, putting on shoes/socks, getting up from a seated position

•Tenderness to touch near the protrusion of bone on one side of your lower back and buttocks Physical Therapy Treatment of SI Joint Dysfunction:


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Among puffy ankles, emotions, and feelings of insecurity as pregnancy develops, pregnant women are prone to Sacroiliac Joint Dysfunction due to the relaxation of the ligaments at the SI joint and may be due to any fall or accident. While the symptoms associated with Sacroiliac Joint Dysfunction during pregnancy include low back pain, sometimes radiating to the lower portion below the knees, sharp pain, and tenderness to touch the protrusion of the bone, symptoms of Sciatica are different. In the case of Sciatica, there is irritation of the nerve due to a herniated disc, which causes low back pain, numbness, and tingling sensation right down to the foot, and is associated with weakness.



Neuromuscular therapist Sam Visnic of talks about corrective exercises for sacroiliac joint dysfunction treatment.




What to do about SI joint pain. First thing you can do is find out what is causing the pain. Dr. Group of Global Healing Center explains how to find the root cause.





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